Further Reading


Debbie Harwell, Wednesdays in Mississippi: Proper Ladies Working for Radical Change (Jackson, University Press of Mississippi, Fall 2014).

Dorothy Height, Open Wide the Freedom Gates (New York: Public Affairs, 2003).

Kay Mills, This Little Light of Mine: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer (New York: Plume, 1994).

Tiyi Morris, Womanpower Unlimited and the Black Freedom Struggle in Mississippi (Athens: University of Georgia Press, Feb. 2015).

Debra L. Schultz, Going South: Jewish Women in the Civil Rights Movement (New York: New York University Press, 2001).

Bettye Collier-Thomas, Jesus, Jobs, and Justice: African American Women and Religion (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2010).

Bruce Watson, Freedom Summer: The Savage Season that Made Mississippi Burn and Made America a Democracy (New York: Viking Adult, 2010.

Deborah Gray White, Too Heavy a Load: Black Women in Defense of Themselves, 1894-1994 (New York: W.W. Norton, 1999).


Debbie Z. Harwell, “Wednesdays in Mississippi: Uniting Women across Regional and Racial Lines, Summer 1964.” Journal of Southern History 76, no. 3, August 2010: 617-654.

Lottie Joiner, “Down in the Delta,” New Crisis 109, March/April 2002.


Debbie Z. Harwell, “’Like a long-handles spoon’: How Wednesdays in Mississippi United Women across Regional, Racial, and Religious Lines,” Ph.D. Diss., University of Houston, May 2012.

Rebecca A. Turri, “Building Bridges o Understanding: The Activism o Wednesdays in Mississippi,” PhD. Diss., Rutgers University, May 2012.

Tiyi Makeda Morris, “Black Women’s Civil Rights Activism in Mississippi: The Story of WomanPower Unlimited.” Ph.D. thesis, Purdue University, May 2002.